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GENERAL CLASSICCATION OF ORGANIC COMPOUNDS.

Organic compounds cab be classicfiedon the basic of structure as below..

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 1)     OPEN CHAIN COMPOUNDS.

those organic compounds which have open chain  structure are called""OPEN CHAIN COMPOUNDS"". aliphatic compounds or alicyclic compounds. it has two type:

A)   STRAIGHT CHAIN COMPOUNDS.

these compounds have no branch in their structure but may contain single (---),double (==) or triple (= --) bond.

EXAMPLE.
 

 

B)  BRANCH CHAIN.

 these compounds have one or more than one branch in their.

EXAMPLE.



A1)  ISO COMPOUNDS.

     those compounds which have a methylgroup (CH3------) attached to the 2nd last carbon atom of continuous chain.

EXAMPLE.



B2)   NEO COMPOUNDS.

 those compounds which have two methyl (CH3------) group attached to the 2nd last carbon atom of the continuous chain.

EXAMPLE.



2) CLOSE CHAIN COMPOUNDS.

those organic compounds which have cycle or ring in their structure are called "" CLOSE CHAIN ORGANIC COMPOUNDS"".(in these compounds 1st and last carbon atoms are connected with each other.)

EXAMPLE.




There are two types of close chain compounds.

1) HOMOCYCLINC COMPOUNDS.
2) HETROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS.
 
1) HOMOCYCLINC COMPOUNDS.

those compounds in which ring/cycle is made of carbon atom only are called "" HOMOCYCLINC COMPOUNDS   or  CARBOCYCLIC COMPOUNDS"".
EXAMPLE.







there are two types of HOMOCYCLINC COMPOUNDS.
           A) ALICYCLIC COMPOUNDS (Non Benzonide)
          B)  AROMATIC COMPOUNDS.(Benzonide)

 A) ALICYCLIC COMPOUNDS (Non Benzonide)

 the homocyclic compounds having no benzene ring in their structure are called alicyclic compounds.(Ring contain three or more carbon  atomes and resembling aliphatic compounds.)

EXAMPLE.



 B) AROMATIC COMPOUNDS.(Benzonide)
the homocyclic compounds containing at least one or more""BENZENE"" ring in their structure are called  "" AROMATIC COMPOUNDS  or  BENZONIDE COMPOUNDS.""the aromatic compounds have quite a different behaviour from the open chain comounds. all the aromatic compounds have special smell(Aroma).

EXAMPLE.




2) HETROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS.
the cyclic compounds in which ring consiste of atome of more than one kind are called ""HETROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS"" or HETROCYCLES"".

EXAMPLE

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